To the end of Qing Dynasty and at the begining of the Republic China, due to the influence of a1—Wahhabiyyah in China, Hui Muslims in Northwest China's Gansu, Qinghai and Ningxia Provinces were seeking reform and Yihewani was formed. Muslims belonging to Daxuexixiang Mosque purchased land and built a new mosque at Xiaoxuxixiang in 1922. This mosque is located at the north end of Xiaoxuexixiang, hence the name Xiaoxuexixiang Middle Mosque.
Yihewani (or Ikhwan,also known as Al Ikhwan al Muslimun, which means Muslim Brotherhood, but not to be confused with the Middle Eastern Muslim Brotherhood) is an Islamic sect in China. Its adherents are called Sunnaiti. It is a Hanafi,non-Sufi school of the Sunni tradition. It is also referred to as "new sect" “ or "Latest sect". Yihewani is mainly in Qinghai, Ningxia and Gansu (there in Linxia) and distributed in Beijing, Shanghai, Henan, Shandong and Hebei.It was the end of the 19th century when the Dongxiang imam Ma Wanfu (1849–1934) from the village of Guoyuan in Hezhou (now the Dongxiang Autonomous County was founded in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province) - who had studied in Mecca and was influenced by the Wahabi movement. After his return to Gansu and he founded the movement with the so-called ten major Ahong.The school rejected the Sufism. It claimed that the rites and ceremonies not standing in line with the Quran and the Hadith should be abolished. It is against grave and Murschid (leader / teacher) worship, and advocates against preaching and da'wa done in Chinese.