The surviving stone tablets in Xian Xiaopiyuan Mosque show that Xiaopiyuan Mosque was also named Zhenjiao Mosque and Wanshou Mosque. Since Xiaopiyuan Mosque is located to the north of the Great Mosque, it is also called the North Mosque by the local Muslims. Historical record shows that Xiaopiyuan Mosque was built in the late Tang Dynasty (618-907); it was one of the four mosques in Xian in 1107. Xiaopiyuan Mosque is one of the earliest Islamic buildings in Xian.
Xiaopiyuan Mosque is in traditional Chinese palace architectural style combined with Islamic elements with four courtyards. A female prayer room is arranged in the first courtyard. Imam's room is located in the second courtyard. Lecture rooms for teaching Quran is in the third courtyard. Climbing a few steps on the central axis, it is the platform of the prayer hall with stone archway, stone moon, stone bench, stone hill and other stone carvings.